The Islamic world mourns tomorrow 10th of Muharam 1437AH(AFTER HIJRA OR MIGRATION OF THE PROPHET MOHAMAD FROM MEKKAH TO MADINA ACCORDING TO THE ARABIC LUNAR CALENDAR) the martyrdom of Husain ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (Arabic: الحسين بن علي بن أبي طالب;
(born 8 January 626 – died 10 October 680) , also spelled as , Hussain or Hussein, was the son of Ali ibn Abi Ṭalib (fourth Rashidun Caliph of Sunni Islam, and first Imam of Shia Islam) and Fatimah Zahra (daughter of Prophet Muhammad) and the younger brother of Hassan. Husain is an important figure in Islam, as he is a member of the Ahl al-Bayt(the household of Muhammad) and Ahl al-Kisa, as well as being the third Shia Imam.
Husain the grandson of Prophet Mohammad is highly regarded by Shia Muslims because he refused to pledge allegiance to Yazid I, the Umayyad caliph because he considered the rule of the Umayyad's unjust and deviated from the Islam teaching. As a consequence, he left Medina, his home town, and traveled to Mecca. There, the people of Kufa sent letters to him, asking his help and pledging their allegiance to him. So he traveled towards Kufa. At Karbala his caravan was intercepted by Yazid I's army. He was killed and beheaded in the Battle of Karbala in 680 AD by Shimr Ibn Thil-Jawshan, along with most of his family and companions. The annual memorial for him, his family, his children and his companions is called Ashura (tenth day of Muharram) and is a day of mourning for Shiite Muslims. The killings at Karbala fueled the later Shiite movements. Anger at Husain's death was turned into a rallying cry that helped undermine and ultimately overthrow the Umayyad Caliphate.
THE MARTYR HEAD KEPT ON A POLE IN FRONT OF HIS FAMILY CONVOY AND TRAVELLED FOR 460 MILES LIKE THIS FROM KARBALA TO DAMASCUS
It was an unfair battle between 74 of imam Husain followers in front of 4000 soldiers from the other side, yet the battle commenced and all the 74 killed, the martyr blood shock the Islamic world at the time and was the reason for so many revolts that ended the Umayyad rule in Kufa